Close Menu X

The Journey Blog

Published Article: The Church’s Mission: John 20:19-23 Reconsidered

For Luther, the authority to forgive did not come from the office of the minister; rather, it came from the authority of the Word alone….the gospel of Jesus Christ is primarily about the mercy of God that is manifested by the forgiveness of sins (John 20:23) and reconciliation with God (Romans 5:11; 2 Corinthians 5:18; cf. Genesis 3).

TJC Pastor, Raymond Johnson, recently wrote an article for Seminary in Theology and Mission, the Theological Journal of the Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago and Wartburg Theological Seminary on the bestowal of the Spirit at the end of John's Gospel titled, "The Church’s Mission: John 20:19-23 Reconsidered." He writes:

"Theological and interpretive tension is by no means foreign to the Johannine literature in the New Testament. People who are not familiar with the history of interpretation may be largely unaware and rather surprised at the variety of theological interpretations surrounding John 20:19–23. A few of the questions surrounding this multilayered text are: Is John 20:22 the Johannine version of Pentecost? If Jesus imparted the Spirit to the disciples in John 20:22, in what way did they receive the Spirit in Acts 2:4? How does John 20:19–23 function as a pericope in John’s gospel? Does John 20:19–23 imply that there were multiple givings of the Spirit in the New Testament?"

Follow the link to see how Pastor Raymond addresses these questions in his article: